Ochronosis

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Ochronosis (or Alkaptonuria) - Usmle step 1 lecture

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►𝐉𝐨𝐢𝐧 𝐓𝐡𝐢𝐬 𝐂𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐧𝐞𝐥 𝐓𝐨 𝐆𝐞𝐭 𝐀𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐬𝐬 𝐓𝐨 𝐏𝐞𝐫𝐤𝐬 :- 🤍 ►𝐃𝐨𝐰𝐧𝐥𝐨𝐚𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐌𝐞𝐝𝐯𝐢𝐳𝐳 𝐚𝐩𝐩 𝐮𝐬𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐛𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐰 𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐤 👇👇👇👇 𝐃𝐨𝐰𝐧𝐥𝐨𝐚𝐝 👇👇👇👇 ►𝐀𝐧𝐝𝐫𝐨𝐢𝐝 :- 🤍 📌𝐅𝐨𝐥𝐥𝐨𝐰 𝐨𝐧 𝐈𝐧𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐠𝐫𝐚𝐦 :- 🤍 Ochronosis (or alkaptonuria) is a rare inherited, recessive metabolic disorder due to a deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase, resulting in accumulation of homogentisic acid in body tissues. Clinical features include darkening of urine on standing, blue-black discoloration of cartilage and connective tissues, and gradual development of arthritis. Life expectancy is normal. The incidence is equal between sexes, and it is seen in all races. Symptoms and signs do not generally appear until adulthood, although the urine discoloration is usually noted in infancy. Exogenous ochronosis mimics alkaptonuria and can occur from exposure to several drugs and chemicals (eg, topical phenols, hydroquinone, or carbolic acid and ingestion of antimalarials). Look For Eye: Blue-black or mostly brown to gray patches are found in the sclera, conjunctiva, and limbic cornea, usually in the third to fourth decade. These are often midway between the corneal margin and the medial canthus. Pigmentation of the tarsal plates and eyelids has been reported. Skin: Widespread "dusky" (blue to gray to yellow to brown) pigmentation may be seen but is most marked over the cheeks, forehead, axillae, and genital areas. The eyelids, palmar, and plantar areas may also be affected. The nails may be brown. Cartilage: A gray-blue hue and thickening of the ear cartilage are early findings, and the tarsal plates may appear blue on transillumination. Other: Earwax is often brown or black. Tendon involvement may be demonstrated by having the patient make a fist to note discoloration of extensor tendons over the knuckles. The buccal mucosa may be discolored. Diagnostic Pearls Early diagnosis may be made if diaper staining by urine is reported by the parents. Adult patients may note staining of clothing by urine or sweat. Best Tests Test urine for homogentisic acid. Simple tests – darkening of urine with addition of NaOH, FeCl3, or blackening of photographic paper with alkali added to urine Laboratory tests to confirm by various techniques – enzyme test or chromatography Skin biopsy. Skin Biopsy Histopathology Findings: DIAGNOSTIC: yellow-brown (ochre colored) banana-shaped deposits in dermis Therapy There is no definitive therapy. Ingestion of vitamin C may help as an antioxidant (1 gram daily in divided doses). Arthropathy is treated with physical therapy, analgesics, and prosthesis when needed. Nitisinone (approved by the FDA for tyrosinemia 1) is being tested. Laser therapy may be helpful for hydroquinone-induced exogenous ochronosis. Consults with a rheumatologist and geneticist should be considered. A cardiology exam should be done periodically in adults due to the possibility of associated aortic calcific disease.

Ochronosis - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

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Dr. Ebraheim’s educational animated video describing the condition of Ochronosis. Black bone / black urine. Ochronosis is an autosomal recessive disorder. Autosomal recessive will have an enzyme problem. With autosomal dominant inheritance, you will have a structural problem. This ochronosis will give you degeneration arthritis and low back pain. Alkaptonuria (black urine disease, black bone disease). The homogentisic acid oxidase enzyme is defective and that extra homogentisic acid deposits in the joints leading to chondrocalcinosis. When the homogentisic acid deposits become polymerized, this leads to early arthritis. You can also have spondylitis with degenerative changes, disc space narrowing, and calcification. There can be a darkened, pigmented, full-thickness defect in the cartilage and a darkened synovium. Follow me on twitter: 🤍 Donate to the University of Toledo Foundation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Endowed Chair Fund: 🤍

Ochronosis

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29.05.2020

How To Get Rid Of Ochronosis&How To Avoid Having OCHRONOSIS! Knowing Product That Causes Ochronosis

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How To Get Rid Of Ochronosis&How To Avoid Having OCHRONOSIS! Knowing Product That Causes Ochronosis. Hey family 🥰🥰 thanks for tuning in y’all are truly amazing. If you are a company and interested to work with me: GMAIL: iambukola7🤍gmail.com SUBCRIBE FOR MORE TRENDING TOPICS DISCLAIMER: NOTHING I SAY OR SHARE SHOULD BE CONSIDERED A PROFESSIONAL ADVICE OR RECOMMENDATION OF ACTION.ALL CONTENT ON THIS CHANNEL IS JUST MY OWN OPINION AND EXPERIENCE. CONSULT A PROFESSIONAL IF YOU NEED TO TAKE ACTIONS _ INSTAGRAM 🤍 SNAPCHAT: OLUBUKHOLAR VIEWS AND OTHER INQUIRIES: GMAIL: iambukola7🤍gmail.com SUBSCRIBE TO MY CHANNEL 🤍 _ BBT AFFAIRS MY NAME IS OLUBUKOLA ….I MAKE SKINCARE VIDEOS , DOCUMENTARIES, LIFESTYLE AND EVERYTHING IN BETWEEN #skincare #hyperpigmentation #ordinary #bbtheraskin #bbtaffairs #texas #germany #usa #canada #skincareroutine #skincare #Howtoapplyskincare product #howtoapplyskincareproductsinordern #bestskincareproduct2021 #how i apply my skincare product in order #usingceravein2021 #best serum for 2021 #nivea #nivealotion #niveacream #niveabodylotion my skincrare routine in order skincare skincare routine skin care Skincare by hyramskincare by hyram sunscreencerave moisturizer How to apply skincare product how to apply skincare products in order best skincare product 2021 how i apply my skincare product in order using cerave in 2021 best serum for 2021my skincrare routine in orderskincareskincare routine skin care Skincare by hyramskincare by hyram sunscreencerave moisturizer which serum goes well with whitening black soap serums in whitening black soap glutathione comprime in black soap making a whitening black soap skin whitening skin whitening soap skin lightening soap bbtheraskin bbtaffairs tone hyperpigmentation nivea nivea lotion

13 OCHRONOSIS

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22.04.2020

OCHRONOSIS : Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis

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Please *LIKE || COMMENT | | SHARE | | SUBSCRIBE* to support this channel. For more info visit 🤍

Maturational hyperpigmentation - review and treatment

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Maturational hyperpigmentation is a newly described entity that manifests as dark areas on the upper cheeks. It is seen in Africans and Indians, particularly those who are overweight or have underlying metabolic syndrome. This review looks at the clinical features, predisposing factors and treatment of this condition. Subscribe and click the bell icon to stay up-to-date for more dermatology lectures!

Alkaptonuria, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

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. Chapters 0:00 Introduction 0:43 Causes of Alkaptonuria 1:35 Symptoms of Alkaptonuria 2:51 Diagnosis of Alkaptonuria 3:37 Treatment of Alkaptonuria Alkaptonuria is a rare inherited genetic disease which is caused by a mutation in the HGD gene for the enzyme homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (EC 1.13.11.5); if a person inherits an abnormal copy from both parents (it is a recessive condition), the body accumulates an intermediate substance called homogentisic acid in the blood and tissues. Homogentisic acid and its oxidized form alkapton are excreted in the urine, giving it an unusually dark color. The accumulating homogentisic acid causes damage to cartilage (ochronosis, leading to osteoarthritis) and heart valves, as well as precipitating as kidney stones and stones in other organs. Symptoms usually develop in people over 30 years old, although the dark discoloration of the urine is present from birth. Apart from treatment of the complications (such as pain relief and joint replacement for the cartilage damage), the drug nitisinone has been found to suppress homogentisic acid production, and research is ongoing as to whether it can improve symptoms. Alkaptonuria is a rare disease; it occurs in one in 250,000 people, but is more common in Slovakia and the Dominican Republic.[citation needed]

Dealing with Ochronosis – Badwam Afisem on Adom TV (18-8-21)

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Dealing with Ochronosis – Badwam Afisem on Adom TV (18-8-21) #Ochronosis #BadwamAfisem #AdomOnLine 🤍 Subscribe for more videos just like this: 🤍 Click to this for more news: 🤍

Ochronosis - Medical Definition and Pronunciation

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🤍 Ochronosis Ochronosis: 1. Deposition of dark pigment in connective tissues, usually due to alkaptonuria or exposure to chemicals such as phenolic compounds or hydroquinone. 2. Sometimes used as a synonym for alkaptonuria. How to pronounce Ochronosis definition of Ochronosis audio dictionary How to say Ochronosis What is the meaning of Ochronosis Pronounce Ochronosis Medical dictionary Medical definition of Ochronosis

HYDROQUINONE may cause OCHRONOSIS

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#elizabethanjs #Hydroquinone HYDROQUINONE is bad for our health if prolonged use. It may cause OCHRONOSIS, a blue black pigmentation resulting as a complication of long term application of whitening cream/toner containing hydroquinone. HYDROQUINONE can remove the top layer of the skin, increasing the risk of skin cancer and cause fatal liver and kidney damage..

Ochronosis bei Alkaptonurie

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Kurzer klinischer Fallbericht: Ochronosis bei Alkaptonurie

Dealing with Ochronosis - Badwam Afisem on Adom TV (25-8-21)

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Dealing with Ochronosis - Badwam Afisem on Adom TV (25-8-21) #BadwamAfisem #AdomOnLine 🤍 Subscribe for more videos just like this: 🤍 Click to this for more news: 🤍

Ochronosis (Medical Condition)

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Symptoms, risk factors and treatments of Ochronosis (Medical Condition) Ochronosis is the syndrome caused by the accumulation of homogentisic acid in connective tissues This video contains general medical information If in doubt, always seek professional medical advice. The medical information is not advice and should not be treated as such. The medical information is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied. We do not warrant or represent that the medical information on this websiteis true, accurate, complete, current or non-misleading Music: 'Undaunted' Kevin Macleod CC-BY-3.0 Source/Images: "Ochronosis" CC-BY-2.5 🤍

Ochronosis - everything you need to know by Dilaskincess

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#ochronosis #bestskincare bestskin#skin #skincare #skincareroutine #hyperpigmentationtreatment #acne #antiaging #darkspotcorrector

HOW I DAMAGED MY SKIN| LEARN FROM MY MISTAKES | SKINCARE |

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+ + + CLICK HERE FOR ALL INFO! + + + Here is a video explaining how I damaged my skin and the products that I used to repair my skin. Replenix cleanser: Glycolic Acid 5% and Salicylic Acid USP% ACM Laboratoire Depiwhite.s SPF 50 sunscreen Acretin Rejuvia Fade-out advanced whitening night cream I RUINED MY SKIN HOW I CLEARED MY SKIN rejuva skin tac rejuva formula review Disclaimer- I am not a dermatologist! Please use product at your own risk or discuss with your dermatologist if any concerns. Fade Out White Nourishing Night Cream stops unnecessary production of melanin in the skin and gives a more fair complexion. The uneven pigmentation and sometimes age spots look quite nasty and could make someone less confident but this fine product from Nivea has some very essential elements that certainly promises to give back your pure and natural look instantly. Old skin cells are then replaced by new skin cells therefore, clearing up acne or any existing marks. Damaged skin barrier - cause of acne and irritation. Repairing The Skin Barrier to Get Rid of Acne: Before and After Results.How I RUINED my SKIN (chemical burn + hyper-pigmentation, face peel) and how I cleared it. ►Fades pigmentation marks, age spots and freckles ►Intensively hydrates ►Clinically proven ►For bright even skin tone ►Active and natural F I N D ME Me - 🤍 Snapchat - Yeh_mah C O N T A C T + Any questions, inquiries or collabs: yehmaha🤍gmail.com V I D E O + Filmed with Canon Rebel T6 + Kit Lens T H A N K Y O U Thanks so much for watching and I hope you enjoyed it. Please Leave any future video ideas you would like to see in the comments below!

Goldnskin Q&A, Sunburn 🥵 Side burn Hyperpigmentation ochronosis redarkening of the face

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I had made this video earlier and accidentally deleted it but luckily found I had shared it with my other phone. So same question, same answers but different settings. I hope this answers the questions for you regarding how I fix the pigmentation.

What is the meaning of the word OCHRONOSIS?

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Definition and spelling of the word OCHRONOSIS. ► created for Audio-Visual Lexis 🤍 ◄ ▬▬ Contents of this video ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ (00:00) Intro (00:08) As a noun (00:22) Spelling ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ As a noun (00:08): • an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning ▬▬ Social Media ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ ► Facebook: 🤍 ► Twitter: 🤍 ► Instagram: 🤍 ► Website: 🤍 #ochronosis #definitions #words #AVLexis ▬▬ Liability Disclaimer ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 🤍

What Is The Definition Of Ochronosis

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Visit our website for text version of this Definition and app download. 🤍 Subjects: medical terminology, medical dictionary, medical dictionary free download, medical terminology made easy, medical terminology song

Ochronosis remedy. Sunburn in face. Chemical cream burn. Cream reaction

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Ochronosis skin damage, chemical burn, how to reverse bleaching cream damage. How to fix face sunburn For inquiries: Text / WhatsApp/ Call +1 (615) 424 - 6403 Facebook : M.me/goldnskin Email : info🤍goldnskin.com Instagram: 🤍Goldnskinllc Pinterest : Goldnskin

HYDROQUINONE | For Pigmentation. Dermatologist Reviews

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🤍 Much more skin care tips & hacks with daily updates Hydroquinone remains as one of the most popular pigment inhibitors. It is still the most effective treatment for pigmentation including melasma, post acne pigment & as a bleaching cream in many Asian & African countries. Hydroquinone was made famous by Michael Jackson, who overdosed on this (as well as propofol). Concentrations range from 2% to 8% or higher. In Australia this can be purchased over the counter with concentrations of 2% or less. Countries in Asia such as Japan, & many African countries ban the trade & sale of HQ. Safety concerns are founded by murine studies (rats). Not substantiated. Biggest concerns are, firstly contact dermatitis with higher concentrations, tachyphylaxis (stops working) & exogenous ochronosis (hyperpigmentation instead of fading pigment). Majority of side effects can be mitigated with appropriate use & monitoring. Most dermatologists will limit its use to 3 to 6 months maximum. We rotate other pigment inhibitors such as arbutin, ascorbic acid, licorice root, soy, flavonoids, bearberries, cranberries, & exfoliants such as AHAs. Accurate titration and application of hydroquinone will reduce side effects and maximise its use. . More updates on my IG account. . Dr Davin Lim🤍drdavinlim 🤍101.skin Brisbane, Australia #hydroquinone #postinflammatorypigmentation #melasma #pigmenttreatment

Skin Restoring Oil for Face (Ochronosis, anti aging, damage repair, skin brightening, acne skin)

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The purpose of this oil is numerous and can be used by anyone. Whether you have damaged skin or regular skin, you will benefit from it. Oily skin dry skin same thing. It absorbs quickly, has penetration enhancers.. Has all the good stuff in it. This will be one of your best day to night time oils A great addition to your routine for skin repair and skin health,

IRREVERSIBLE HYPERPIGMENTATION

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WHAT ARE THE SUBSTANCES THAT CAN CAUSE IRREVERSIBLE HYPERPIGMENTATION? On today's ask doc mike we are gonna tackle about those substances or ingredients that can cause irreversible hyperpigmentation. The following substances can be found on skin care products that causes irreversible hyperpigmentation: 1. Hydroquinone 2. Phenol 3. Resorcinol 4. Beta Arbutin Reminder: be vigilant on the said list above before buying a skin care product. We highly recommend people to seek first their respected board certified dermatologist before buying any products that contains the following or message us or send us the ingredient list before using it to your skin. Exogenous Ochronosis is skin pigmentation condition in which skin can be characterized by blue-black pigmentation resulting as a complication of long-term application of skin-lightening agents. To learn more about this kinds of topic: Subscribe to our facebook page: fb.com/dr.mike.d Ig channel: 🤍dr.mike.d #dmdskinsciences #AskDrMikeD #skincareroutine #skincareph #home #fyp #fypシ

Punya Flek Model Begini? Ini Ochronosis, Perlu Strategi Khusus Ya!

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managemen ochronosis memang tidak mudah. Tetapi dengan tatalaksana yang baik, tampilannya bisa diperbaiki. Yuk konsultasikan dulu masalah flekmu ke Natasha Skin clinic center ya. Tags: Ochronosis, flek, melasma, masalah pigmentasi, mengatasi flek menahun, akibat krim abal-abal, natasha skincare, natasha skin clinic center, sidoarjo, natasha sidoarjo, laser vbeam, laser vbeam ochronosis, laser ndyag, laser spectra

6 weeks after knee replacement surgery in a patient with A RARE DISORDER OF Ochronosis, Dr Deepak I

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Dr Deepak Inamdar performed a Total knee replacement surgery/ DePuy on a 60 yr old with alkaptonuria (Black bone disease) At Apollo speciality hospital , jayanagar, Bangalore 60 yr old lady was suffering from a rare genetic disorder in which his knees turned black and hard, was successfully cured after undergoing a total knee replacement surgery . The disease Alkaptonuria had stiffened and blackened knee joints, making her unable to walk . Alkaptonuria, a rare genetic disorder, affects one in one million people worldwide. It primarily causes urine to turn black when exposed to air. The disease causes a buildup of dark pigment in connective tissues such as cartilage and skin, leading to blackening and hardening of joints, most often the knee joint . she was unable to get relief despite undergoing various forms of medical treatment

Imaging of joint diseases part 1 - Dr Mamdouh Mahfouz

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Imaging of joint diseases part 1 - Dr Mamdouh Mahfouz

Is hydroquinone safe? Q&A with a dermatologist| Dr Dray

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Today I address the safety of hydroquinone and answer your questions about hydroquinone causing cancer and liver damage. This is an excellent comprehensive review article discussing the studies I mention here, as well as many others. The references cited in this paper overlap with studies mentioned in this video: Levitt, J. The safety of hydroquinone: a dermatologist's response to the 2006 Federal Register. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007 Nov;57(5):854-72. Epub 2007 Apr 27. 💜Good sunscreens La Roche Posay antihelios mineral 🤍 MDSolar Sciences Mineral Tinted 🤍 Cetaphil redness relieving 🤍 MyChelle SunShield Liquid tint 🤍 Solbar zinc SPF 38 🤍 Eucerin daily protection 🤍 EltaMD UV Clear 🤍 EltaMD UV Sport 🤍 EltaMD UV Physical 🤍 Murad City Skin SPF50 🤍 La Roche Posay 🤍 Cerave AM 🤍 Cerave baby 🤍 Eucerin Daily Protection 🤍 Avene Very High Protection SPF50 (UK) 🤍 Differin SPF30 🤍 Neutrogena sheer zinc 🤍 Vanicream 🤍 Aveeno natural protection 🤍 Hamilton Active Family SPF (AU) 🤍 Bioderma Photoderm Max (UK) 🤍 Coppertone sensitive skin 🤍 💜SUNPROTECTIVE GEAR My sunglasses 🤍 MY UPF SHIRT 🤍 MY UPF PANTS 🤍 MY UPF HAT 🤍 MY SIGGI UPF HAT 🤍 MY UPF CARDIGAN 🤍 Neck shield: 🤍 FaceShield: 🤍 Umbrella 🤍 Sleeves 🤍 💜Discount codes/links: Better help 🤍 Beauty dust 20% off 🤍 Airbnb: 🤍 iHerb: 🤍 eBates: 🤍 Ibotta 🤍 🤍beautysesh.com Coupon code drdray to save 10% NMNL Japanese Beauty BOX 🤍 Fabfitfun box! 🤍 Links may contain affiliates. This is not a sponsored post. 💜My videos Stretch mark Q&A 🤍 Broken capillaries Q&A 🤍 Lasers 🤍 How to exfoliate 🤍 How to fade dark spots: 🤍 Microdermabrasion 🤍 Accutane Q&A: 🤍 Hormonal acne Q&A: 🤍 Back acne Q&A 🤍 Retin-A Q&A: 🤍 Retin-A for anti-aging Q&A 🤍 Retin-A for acne 🤍 Retin-A for melasma/dark spots 🤍 How to moisturize the body: 🤍 How to moisturize the face: 🤍 Face moisturizer favorites: 🤍 Body moisturizer favorites: 🤍 Moisturizer Q&A 🤍 Deodorant Q&A 🤍 Niacinamide in skin care: 🤍 Keratosis pillars Q&A 🤍 Seborrheic dermatitis Q&A 🤍 Dandruff Q&A 🤍 Rosacea Q&A 🤍 Psoriasis Q&A 🤍 About better help online therapy: 🤍 Sunscreen Q&A 1 🤍 Sunscreen Q&A 2 🤍 Sunscreen Q&A 3 🤍 Sensitive skin care favorites 🤍 Cerave review 🤍 Best Lip balms 🤍 Cleansing balm review 🤍 Cleansing oil review 🤍 Sunscreen favorites 🤍 Dark spots/melasma Q&A 🤍 Dark under eye circles 🤍 Differin Q&A 🤍 Differin tips 🤍 Skin allergy Q&A 🤍 💜Subscribe! 🤍 💜Social media Instagram 🤍drdrayzday Facebook 🤍DrDrayzDay Twitter: 🤍drdrayzday 📪Mail: PO Box 542234 Houston, TX 77254 Disclaimer: This video is not intended to provide diagnosis, treatment or medical advice. Content provided on this Youtube channel is for informational purposes only. Please consult with a physician or other healthcare professional regarding any medical or health related diagnosis or treatment options. Information on this Youtube channel should not be considered as a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. The statements made about specific products throughout this video are not to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.

INI BUKAN FLEK!! TAPI INI ADALAH OKRONOSIS!!

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#dokterrichard #goddesskin #klinikathena #athenaeffect

Exogenous ochronosis 😓; bluish-black skin pigmentation.

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Bluish black skin pigmentation that result from long term use of HYDROQUINONE. #medical #health #dermatoligist #skin #healthylifestyle #men #women #melanin #selflove #nursingschool #nurses #nursing #healthworkers #medication

ochronosis alkaptonuria

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short description of joint disease

YA AMPUN, IBU INI KORBAN KRIM RACIKAN DOKTER? BISA SEMBUH KAH? | TANYA DOKTER RICHARD

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Konsultasi Online: Mobile: 0823-8555-5963 Pemesanan Online: Mobile: 0823-0000-4001 Official Shopee: 🤍 Official Tokopedia 🤍 Official Lazada 🤍 Official BukaLapak 🤍 Official Blibli 🤍 Athena Palembang: - Klinik Kecantikan Athena Sudirman, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman No. Kelurahan 20 Ilir D III, Kecamatan Ilir Timur Kota Palembang Provinsi Sumatera Selatan - Klinik Kecantikan Athena Kenten Jl. MP. Mangkunegara, 8 Ilir, Ilir Tim. II, Kota Palembang, Sumatera Selatan 30961 Athena Medan : Klinik Kecantikan Athena Medan, Jalan Mangkubumi No. 12A LK V Kelurahan Aur Kecamatan Medan Maimun Provinsi Sumatera Utara Athena Gading-Serpong: - Jl. Raya Gading Serpong Blok AA3 No. 56, Tanggerang Athena Jakarta Selatan: - Jl. Sultan Iskandar Muda No.8C, RT.2/RW.2, Kby. Lama Utara, Kec. Kby. Lama, Kota Jakarta Selatan, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 12240 Athena Surabaya Jalan Doktor Wahidin No.3, RT.001/RW.13, DR. Soetomo, Kec. Tegalsari, Kota SBY, Jawa Timur 60264 Athena Lampung Jl. Jend. Ahmad Yani no. 56 DEF, Tj. Karang Pusat Athena Makassar Jl. AP Pettarani Ruko Sardonyx no. 3, Panakkukang Athena Bandung Jl. Kb. Jukut No.7, Babakan Ciamis, Kec. Sumur Bandung, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40117 #dokterrichard #goddesskin #klinikathena #athenaeffect

Alkaptonuria | pathophysiology , signs and symptoms , diagnosis and management | black urine disease

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Alkaptonuria |pathophysiology , signs and symptoms , diagnosis and management, black urine disease or black bone disease caused by deficiency of HGD enzyme accumulation of HOMOGENTISIC ACID urine turns black on standing autosomal recessive disease chromosome 3 defect diagnosis and management #blackUrineDisease What is alkaptonuria? Alcaptonuria

شرح بيو بالعربي alkaptonuria

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شرح بيوكميستري بالعربي protein metabolism bio2

MORE CAUSES AND TREATMENTS FOR THIS KIND OF SKIN DISCOLOURATION

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There are so many factors that contribute to skin discoloration. 1. Sun damage 2. Medication side effects 3. Bleaching cream 4. Diabetics 5. inflammation 6. Hormonal changes Treatments: Stay away from creams that have hydroquinone and mercury use natural products, speak with your doctor for best medical advice -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "How I become a Millionaire || My True story #beingrich #howtobeamillionnaire #Kartiavelino" 🤍 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-

Types Of Hyperpigmentation(Hyperpigmentation झाइयों के प्रकार): Part 2| ClearSkin, Pune | (In HINDI)

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00:19:37
07.10.2019

What are the different types and causes of hyperpigmentation? 1) Photo hyperpigmentation or photo tanning: As we know, when our skin gets exposed to the sun, the melanin production increases. This results in our skin getting tanned. Melanin pigment absorbs the sun’s rays and blocks them to some extent. It also helps to avoid or reduce the side effects caused due to overexposure to the sun. 2) Maturational dyschromia: Maturational dyschromia is a condition in which hyperpigmentation is visible on the forehead and cheeks. This can be treated using sunscreen, skin- lightening agents, antioxidants, microdermabrasion, or chemical peels. 3) Periorbital hyperpigmentation. Periorbital hyperpigmentation is medically known by several names, but it is commonly known as under-eye dark circles. Dark circles have many different causes that may be internal or external. Dark circles are mainly a lifestyle condition that can be treated by improving your lifestyle. But skin-lightening creams and chemical peels can be used to treat them as well. In extreme cases, reliable medical treatments like fractional erbium Yag laser, Fractional CO2 laser, Q-switched Nd YAG laser, autologous fat transplantation, fat grafting, blepharoplasties, dermaroller, PRP, and fillers may be used. 4) Riehl melanosis: In Riehl melanosis or pigmented contact dermatitis, brown-grey colored dermal melanin deposits are visible on the skin. Sun protection, skin lightening creams and chemical peels may be used to treat Riehl melanosis. 4) Melasma: This is quite common, especially in skin type 4, that is our Indian or Asian skin type. Indian skin is more prone to melasma, It is seen more commonly in women. The common causes of melasma are unprotected sun exposure, overexposure to the sun, oral contraceptives, stress and hormonal fluctuations. A combination approach is used to treat melasma. Topical skin lightening agents, chemical peels, laser therapy and most importantly, strict sun protection is necessary. Topical medications and broad-spectrum sunscreen is recommended for the first line of treatment. The second line of treatment includes chemical peels and laser light therapies. 5) Exogenous ochronosis: In this type of hyperpigmentation, there is a deposit of homogentisate acid in the dermis. This deposit is caused by any foreign substance. This results in macular or papular hyperpigmentation. Pigmentation occurs on the face, sides, back and neck. It is very difficult to treat ochronosis. In some cases, dermabrasion, fractional erbium YAG, mild fractional CO2 laser, glycolic acid peels and Q-switched Nd YAG laser give good results. 6) Acanthosis nigricans: In this pigmentation dark, velvety patches appear in the body folds and creases. Commonly this condition presents itself on the forehead, axilla, between the arms, around the neck or posterior neck and on the face. Any therapy tries to treat the underlying disease process. Weight reduction, dietary correction, avoidance of high glycemic foods, sweets, fast food, exercising and lifestyle changes are an important part of treating Acanthosis nigricans. In some cases, topical medications like topical tretinoin, triple-combination, depigmenting cream, sunscreen, and salicylic acid are effective. 7) Dermatosis papulosa nigra or DPN and seborrheic keratoses. The cause of DPN is unknown. DPN appears as raised pigmented papules of around 5millimeters, on the forehead, cheeks, neck, chest and back. 8) Ota: This is a type of birthmark that is visible on the face and is more commonly seen in people with dark skin. Q-switched ruby, alexandrite, and Nd: YAG lasers are very effective treatment modalities. You will get better and faster results if pigment reducing lasers are combined with fractional CO2 lasers. So these were the different types of pigmentation. Skin Pigmentation affecting your confidence? For dermatologist vetted information about best Skin Pigmentation treatments and cosmetic procedures, visit 🤍 How to treat skin pigmentation? 🤍 Hyperpigmentation Part 1 🤍 Hyperpigmentation Part 3 🤍 Social Presence: ClearSkin Instagram: 🤍 ClearSkin Facebook Community 🤍 Connect with me through Video Consultation & share your queries 🤍 #ClearSkinLaserSkin&HairClinic #AskDrDc #drdhananjaychavan #typesofhyperpigmentation#dermatologist #skin care doctor #skin #doctor वीडियो देखने के लिए धन्यवाद Types Of Hyperpigmentation(Hyperpigmentation झाइयों के प्रकार): Part 2| ClearSkin, Pune | (In HINDI)

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